History Tour de France

History Tour de France

History Tour de France

The Tour de France is one of the most iconic and famous yearly cycling events. But… the historic race began as a publicity stunt for a newspaper!

In 1903, a journalist of the French newspaper L’Auto came up with the idea of a race through France. That would boost sales and defeat competition.

With a length of five weeks, only a few candidates were found. That is were they cut the length to nineteen days to attract more bikers.

The participants were almost exclusively French, with a few from Germany, Sweden and Italy. Among them famous names like Lucien Pothier and Maurice Garin. Many of the cyclists were amateurs attracted by the promise of a daily allowance. Many of them were unemployed or looking for adventure.

Fans were charmed by the scope of the race. And some stages were so long that riders had to keep cycling on into the night…

It was Maurice Garin who took an early lead in the first race. He was the first winner of the Tour de France. He finished over two hours ahead of the others and 64 hours ahead of the last finisher. No time limits then.

Needles to say there was disparity in talent with unorthodox challengers…

This only endeared the Tour de France to those who were already hooked by the massive race.

During the first race, readership of the newspaper L’Auto almost tripled. Mission accomplished. The installment of the Tour de France was a fact. A race that survived and refined over the years.

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History Tour de France
Vendome,France- The French cyclist Thomas Voeckler of Direct Énergie Team riding on a dirty road,Tertre de la Motte, in Vendome, during the first stage of Paris-Nice 2016.


Basic Skills for Soccer

Basic skills for soccer

Basic skills for soccer

Soccer, better known as footbal is magnetising crowds.

With the football season going on, many will wonder if they fit the job. Football is more than a game. It is exercise, strategy, competition, teamwork…. with a lot of skills that need to be mastered

What are the basic skills required for soccer?
A question many will ask and wonder about, right?

Soccer requires some fundamental skills and they can be cultivated in many ways.

The first is to observe what fits your bill. Where do you want to play and how? An attacking position, a defensive one, or rather stay in between, or perhaps become a goalkeeper, or ref… just name it.

Second, try to understand by observing what kind of skills are required, and work them out. Visualize what you want to imitate and perfect your imitation with exercises to become a master player.

Third, the game has many plays and players. With exercise and observation, you will soon find your perfect stand. Just remember it is a team game in the first place. Without team, no game. If you are not a team player, you better consider another sport.

Once you have decided where you fit, confidence and exercise will grow your abilities. Learning by doing as they say. Until you master your kicks and motion.

Basic skills for soccer
What are the skills needed for soccer?

This brings us to an important concept. The kicks.

Essentially there are two types of kicks, the ground kicks and the volley kicks. Beginners love the volleys, but the art is on the ground. The position of your feet, the power and precision of the shot and the swing of your body need to be balanced.

Once this work is done, you will gain control of the ball. Inside cut, outside cut and cut under body will move the ball in the right direction. A precision needed when playing in team.

After the feet, the heading is important too. Use the upper side of the forehead to direct the ball. Popular techniques include diving, glancing, and flick

Not to forget the dribbling and the pass. The most popular in the game. These include several moves. From basic to advanced.

We all love the fake kick moves. But what matters are the passes, leading to a goal.

That is why a coach will play an essential role. To help you find your place and drive until you master all the skills and techniques.

And remember,
even supporters are necessary
to cheer up the game!


Let us honor fair play as well.
Football is not a butchers game.



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Basic skills for soccer
It needs a ball and talent!

Sports sunglasses

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Sports sunglasses

The making of sunglasses goes back to the roman emperor Nero. It is said he used polished light emerald green gems to watch gladiators. The invention of sunglasses was much later.

The first glasses were worn in the twelfth century by Judges in chinese courts. The smoky quartz was used to hide the expression in their eyes.

Italy developped its first glasses in 1430 and by 1600 people realised the benefit for eldery people.

In the mid 18th Century, James Ayscough developed blue and green corrective lenses for correcting optical impairments. The start of a colored view!

The problems for developing glasses were manyfold:
How to keep the glasses on the nose
How to use sidepieces
How to hold the glasses

A long story of trial and error that leaded to our modern glasses.

And it was in 1929 that Sam Foster launched his brand with the first mass-produced sunglasses for walkers on the beaches of Atlantic ity and New Jersey.

Followed in 1930 by Bausch & Lomb who developped sunglasses to reduce high-altitude sun glare for pilots. The military took in! A dark green tint that absorbed light to its yellow spectrum.

Later Edward H. Land invented the Polaroid filter and used it in sunglasses. And Ray Ban applied polarization for his anti-glare sunglasses.

The niche boomed. Everybody wanted sunglasses. Design, fashion and stars developped their own brands.

And people started protecting their eyes from the harmful effects of the Ultra Violet (UV) rays of the sun and the blue light of screen, computers and tablets.

Today many professions have their own protective glasses, from sporters to pilots.

Some keepers!

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Eye problems and injuries

Eyebrows fleek

Take care of your eyes!

Eye problems occur more often than thought.
Some warning and solutions to avoid injury are imperative

Kind of injuries

Every year a great number of people get eye injuries.
Some by accident others by abusive use of chemicals and others by intensive screen watching.

Their solutions

Most of the accidents can be avoided with the use of safety eyewear .
And many others can be prevented by following the safety instructions of household products. Too many are still using them in the wrong way with terrible consequences.

Some tips for indoors

– Read the safety rules carefully. Every product has its own.
– Wear chemical safety gloves.
– Do NOT rub your eyes after working with chemicals .
– Wash your hands carefully after handling poison or chemicals and know that some products are a bad match with water.
– Be careful with children around.
– Cover your mouth and nose and use safety glasses with hazardous solvents.
– Store your products in a safe place out of reach of children and heat.
– Work in optimal circumstances with enough light and aeration.
– Be careful when opening taps and vans
– Guard your power equipment
– Be attentive with frying oils in the kitchen, they spurt out. Wear glasses.

Some tips for outdoors

– Do not look into the sun
– Use sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV rays
– Wear protective eyewear while playing sports or performing outdoor recreational activities
– Be careful with fireworks and experimental science labs
– When aging eyedrops might help your dry eyes

Beware of cvs (computer vision syndrome)

With the incresed use of computers, tablets and mobiles, more and more people are getting eye strains. Youngsters and young adults are most vulnerable.

The symptoms are:
– red and watery eyes for youngsters
– dry eyes for eldery people
– problems with focus
– aching and tired eyelids
– eye muscle spasm
– backache and headache
– Pain above the eyebrows and ear regions

If so do some eye exercise every ten minutes and give some rest in between by closing your eyes. Shield your eyes from blue rays when looking at tv or computer,screens regularly. Focus objects at fifferent distance for several seconds and rotate your eyes slowly in all directions. Give ample rest to the eyes. Glasses with UV shield protect you from computer screen. Keep distance from the monitor.

Extra tips for lens wearers and users of cosmetics

Be careful with the use of cosmetics. Adverse reactions are injury, eye irritation, allergy, dryness, infection, and lens deposition.

– By hypoallergenic cosmetics and especially the non-scented variety, manufactured by big brand names.
– Wash your applicator brushes for cosmetics regularly and do not use them for other purpose.
– Mascara and eye shadows which are glittery, pearlized, frosted should be avoided. They contain ground tinsel or oister shell!
– Never apply eyeliner on the inner lid edge.
– Loose powder should also be avoided.
– Do not apply cream near the eyes.
– Always wash hands while handling contact lens.
– Do not wash your face with contact lens on

Prevention is the best advice.
Be careful. Your eyes are precious.
Nothing can replace them.

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Take care of your eyes

Tennis Elbow cause

Tennis elbow cause

Tennis elbow cause

The main tennis elbow cause is
bad shape or bad condition

With the season at Wimbledon and tennis camps ahead, time to focus on tennis elbow and its cause. The good news is, with some physical preparation, you can prevent the injury.

Know your body. Some shoulders and elbows are too weak to play tennis. Better seek another sport.

Those who have experienced a tennis elbow, know it is a painful and unpleasant situation. My advice: Treat your body nicely or it will worsen. Give your elbow the rest it needs. No more play. And possibly, no more tennis.

A tennis elbow is not whisked away with a heating path. It is a serious injury that needs to be avoided at all cost. But how can we prevent it?

The first thing you need to do is build up your game. Warming up your muscles is part of it. Not with a harsh training, nor hours of exercise. Just give your elbow, shoulders and arms the needed warming up and rest between games and do not push the training to the top.

Take time to shape your physical condition. Strengthen your arms, shoulders and back. That is the fist and most important step: build up your condition and muscle strenght. Without physical strenght you will expose your body to severe injuries and physical dammage.

Work with a coach if possible and set up a training routine for all the essential tennis muscles. Stick to it.

If you play occasionally, pace yourself. Never force your playing time after weeks of inactivity. Play for short periods instead. Do not push yourself into problems. Build up. Your arms will wear out badly if you do not take this into account.

Tennis elbow cause
Tennis elbow cause

Stretch your muscles before every game. Give them the time needed to warm up. Keep the muscles around the tendons of your joints supple. Tense muscles inevitably lead into tendon injuries. Which are very painful indeed. This streching best becomes part of your daily routine. You will benefit from it on the long run.

Know that repetitive movements will drag you out. Take a break when exercising serves, swings, forehands, backhands, … and make sure to vary your warming up. Do not overwork your muscles. Do not stress over practice of one serve for hours. Vary and take multiple little breaks. Your time on court will be more valuable and effective.

Beware of bad coaches, pushing you over the roof. And remember pain is a bad signal. Never ignore it!

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Tennis elbow cause
Beware the injuries